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For Internet users, form filling on many websites and mobile applications has become a common exercise to provide information, like email ID, name, product delivery address, etc, in order to use the services. After putting the required information, the form validates the information and allows you to use the services. However, form validation often frustrated many Internet users in the past as any wrong or incomplete information resulted in the page reload, forcing them to enter the whole correct information again.

But, problems don’t last forever in the technology world. That said, I am unveiling 10 useful JavaScript form validation libraries that show instant alert whenever an Internet user enters any wrong information, thereby saving the time of entering the whole information again. These JavaScript form validation libraries check the veracity of the information entered before sending it to the server. As a result, an invalid info dialog instantly appears in front of the info tab in which wrong information was entered, which saves the time and hassles of putting the whole correct information again.

10 Useful JavaScript Form Validation Libraries

#1. jQuery Validation Plugin

jQuery Validation Plugin.pngjQuery Validation, an MIT licensed plugin and created by jQuery mega creator Jörn Zaefferer, is one of the most popular choices of JavaScript developers. The plugin is tested with jQuery 1.6.4, 1.7.2, 1.8.3, 1.9.0.

jQuery Validation plugin makes it possible for web developers to address the most important functions and the issues pertinent to form validation. jQuery Validation plugin includes important contents, like errors container, file uploads, dynamics forms, etc. However, as nothing is perfect in this world, jQuery Validation Plugin also has a disadvantage, and that is its jQuery dependency. The plugin has got excellent documentation, which is being used by many developers world over. English is the main language for default error messages, though translation option is available for as many as 37 languages.

Click here to know “6 JavaScript Frameworks/Libraries to Look for in 2017”

#2. Validate.js

Validate.js also obtains licence from MIT, and is popular among web developers for being lightweight. When gzipped, Validate.js weighs in at around 2kb. Validate.js opens gates to validate JavaScript object in a declarative manner. Since Validate.js is unit tested with 100% code coverage,  developers can use it for production.

Unlike many other validation libraries that are very tightly coupled to a language or framework, Validate.js provides a cross framework and cross language way of validating data. Besides, the library is free of any required external dependencies and offers easy documentation.

#3. Parsley.js

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Parsley.js, an MIT licensed JavaScript form validation library, is powerful and easy to use. The library allows automatic detection of form modifications, and adapts the validations accordingly. Parsley is UX focussed and meets your exact requirements by allowing you to override almost every Parsley default behavior. Parsley is strongly tested and  is fit for every browser, including IE8. Using Parsley, you enable your users to get feedback on their form submission before sending it to the server. Parsley also comes with numerous predefined constraints, type constraints and extra validators.

#4. Verify.js


Verify.js, another MIT licensed form validation library, is fully customizable, easily extendable, unobtrusive, and includes grouped validations as well as asynchronous validations. However, before choosing it as a form validation tool, give a thought over its documentation which is currently in progress. There is a note on the top of its documentation, saying, “As this library and corresponding documentation is a work in progress, this API is subject to change.”

#5. GValidator

GValidator is LGPL licensed and is one of the most lightweight javascript form validation libraries. As GValidator is an automatic program, it frees you from the need of using even a single line of written command. Paying heed to high demand of browser applications, developers have made it compatible with most of the operating systems.


The goals behind GValidator development are as follows:

  • A user-friendly experience

  • Code flexibility and extensibility

  • A reusable and lightweight library

  • Promote adoption via ease of use

  • Cross browser compatibility

  • Semantically clean code

  • Standards compliant code

#6. Garlic.js

Garlic.png

Many Internet users feel annoyed when they are filling a huge web form and the tab closes due to browser crash or power failure or back button press. This often forces them to leave your website. If you don’t want this to happen with your users, you could give a try to Garlic.js, an MIT licensed JavaScript form validation library. The library saves precious data in event of accidental closure of the tab or browser crash. Some of its other useful features are custom javascript or ajax validation, auto expiration and infinite persistency.

#7. jQuery Ketchup Plugin

JS-ketchup.png

jQuery Ketchup Plugin obtains license from GPL MIT and sports features like drag and drop. It’s API is inline and written with data-attributes. The plugin is very lightweight and comes packed with 18 basic validations to help you for future programming.

#8. Bootstrap Validator

Bootstrap-Validator.png

Bootstrap Validator is MIT licensed and used as a jQuery plugin for bootstrap, semantic UI, UI kit, pure and foundation. It supports HTML 5 and works with many other plugins too. Bootstrap Validator comes with 51 validators and 38 language packs. However, the library does not support Internet Explorer 9 and older as it depends on the HTML5 Constraint Validation API.

#9. xtypejs

xtype.png

Xtypejs, an MIT licensed library, is popular for being elegant, highly efficient data validation for JavaScript. It provides nearly 40 highly efficient, data-validating pseudo types. Using xtypejs, you can enhance the efficiency and readability of your application as it allows you to unify the most basic but common data and type validations in JavaScript apps, into single, concise, highly optimized operations.

#10. ApproveJs

ApproveJS.png

ApproveJs is an MIT licensed library that allows you to handle all of the validations by yourself. It doesn't automatically attach itself to input change events or form submit events. The library is for you if you want to control every function by your hand, since it does not manipulate the DOM for you by automatically displaying errors. It exposes a single method, value() and leaves you to decide when a value is validated and

how errors are displayed.

These JavaScript form validation libraries saves your site users from entering their information again in the event of accidental closure of their computer tab. Apart from the 10 listed above, there are many other libraries as well you could use for form validation purpose. So, don’t feel offended if I missed your favorite one.

Have you ever used a JavaScript form validation library before. Do you want to add to what’s already being discussed. As always, your views are vital for all our readers, please share them in the comment box below.

Sources: gitbub.com

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Vue.js, an MIT-licensed open source project, is a JavaScript library for building web interfaces. The library was first released in 2013, but not many developers took cognizance of it in web framework technology for the next two years. It was 2016 when Vue.js rose to fame and gained so much traction that it’s now seen as an alternative for even well established JavaScript libraries, such as Angular and React.

Since Angular belongs to search engine giant Google and React comes from social media behemoth Facebook, developers still trust and use those libraries more than Vue.js. However, Vue.js showed enough strength last year to make waves on the internet and emerge as a potential candidate to surpass the reach of Angular and React in many cases. This blog attempts to shed light on why there is a growing belief among developers that Vue.js is set to become the top JavaScript library, leaving behind Angular and React.

Check Out Vue.js Achievements in 2016

  • 1,531,217 NPM downloads

  • 26,000 Github Stars

  • 100,696,367 pageviews on Vuejs.org page

  • Vue.js version 2.0 launched in September 2016

  • Vue.js was 3rd most starred project in 2016 on GitHub

Why is Vue.js considered to be Better than Angular and React?

Vue.js is a lightweight and easy-to-learn library, with facilities like two way data binding and virtual DOM. Unlike Angular and React that often inundate developers with myriad things to develop an app, Vue.js is simple and only calls for things that you need to effectively develop an app. Besides, Vue.js is relatively new, therefore obviates the need of acquainting yourself with its history before starting using it.

Let’s First compare Vue.js to Angular

At present, Angular.js is the top JavaScript library, and with the release of Angular2, it’s growing even bigger. However, Vue.js is also learning from the success of established JavaScript libraries, like Angular, to become big soon. For instance, the release of Vue 2.0 last year was aimed at helping developers to build web apps with more advanced features at utmost ease.

Vue.js v/s Angular 1

#1. When it comes to API and design, Vue is way simpler than Angular 1. Also, Vue does not give rise to complex and tedious learning like Angular 1.

#2. “Vue.js is a more flexible, less opinionated solution than Angular 1. That allows you to structure your app the way you want it to be, instead of being forced to do everything the Angular way. It’s only an interface layer so you can use it as a light feature in pages instead of a full blown SPA”, said Evan You, Founder at Vue Technology LLC.

#3. Similar to Angular 1, Vue also supports two way data binding. But, Vue uses a one-way, parent-to-child data flow between components as default, which makes the flow of data easier to reason about in large apps.

#4. Another important distinction between Angular 1 and Vue.js is the clarity of separation between directives and components. Directives in Vue comprise DOM manipulations only, whereas components are meant for self-contained unit with its own view and data logic. The separation between the two often becomes very confusing for developers who use Angular.

#5. Since Vue does not use dirty checking, it performs better than Angular 1. Performance of Angular 1 goes down in the event of a lot of watchers because any change in the scope requires re-evaluation of all these watchers again. And, if some watchers trigger another update, there may arise the need to run the digest cycle multiple times in order to “stabilize”. To make worse, Angular users sometimes couldn’t find a way to optimize a scope with many watchers.

Vue is free of that, as it puts into use a transparent dependency-tracking observation system with async queueing. As a result, all changes trigger independently, barring the existence of explicit dependency relationships.

Vue.js v/s Angular 2

Angular 2 is not a version upgrade, but a complete rewrite. Angular 2 is faster than Angular 1 and some drastic changes have also been introduced in the API of Angular 2. The design of Angular 2 was created keeping in mind top-notch support for large enterprise applications, which was not possible with Angular 1. In addition to ES5, ES6and Dart, Angular 2 also uses TypeScript, which is a combination of ES 6, Types and Annotations. Angular 2 also brings “Components” as a replacement for “Controllers”.

Angular 2 has certainly become a big player in the JavaScript world. But nevertheless, Vue 2.0 is still a better choice in some cases.

#1. When we talk about performance, Vue 2.0 is faster than Angular 2, according to this 3rd party benchmark. Angular 2 has the capability of shrinking its size with offline compilation and tree-shaking, bur Vue 2 is still lighter. It’s true that tree shaking helps an Angular 2 app reduce its size by removing the codes that are not being used. However, the app grows back to its actual size when you start importing and using more features from the framework.

#2. Vue is less opinionated than Angular 2, so you get official support for numerous build systems. Besides, you enjoy the freedom of structuring your app the way you want.

#3. It’s easier to learn Vue than Angular2. Any developer who is familiar with HTML and ES5 JavaScript can use Vue.js, and start building at least non-trivial applications in quick time.

To understand from a developer’s perspective let’s look at the following lines of code

Credits: fadeit.dk

Areas where Vue gets the Edge Over React

Without a doubt, React has taken the JavaScript world by storm. But as it’s often said that no framework is popular forever, Vue has already started to give the social media giant’s product a run for its money. There are also many similarities between Vue and React, like a virtual DOM, reactive and composable view components, etc. But, here we intend to talk about the differences.

#1. Vue 2.0 comes with a faster and lighter Virtual DOM implementation than React, which reduces more number of overheads than React’s. Mainstream virtual DOM implementations are known to cause performance issues like re-rendering, requiring optimizations, etc. “Vue 2.0 tackles this problem by combining virtual DOM with its reactive dependency tracking system, so that the system can automatically and efficiently determine when and what to re-render, freeing the developer from unnecessary optimization work”, said Vue principal developer Evan You. The improved render performance also gives rise to faster updates in unoptimized Vue than unoptimized React.

Vue also performs better in production. There have been cases when Vue has handled 10 frames per second in development while prototyping high frame-rate data visualizations or animations, whereas React managed about 1 frame per second only. The major reason behind that was React’s invariant checks in development mode.

Check out a benchmark test that was published on vuejs.org and shows that Vue’s rendering system is faster than React.

 

Vue


React

Fastest

23ms

63ms

Median

42ms

81ms

Average

51ms

94ms

95th Perc.

73ms

164ms

Slowest

343ms

453ms


#2. React is all about JavaScript, often making reinvention of HTML and CSS within JavaScript a painstaking task. Also, the render function in React (or JSX) often involves a lot of logic and does not provide a visual representation of the interface. But same is not the case with Vue, which offers both template-based syntax and programmatic rendering with JSX or hyperscript.

With a template, it becomes easier for developers to think visually about the design and CSS. Also, a template will always be declarative, and any valid HTML will be valid in a template. There is also no need of advanced versions of JavaScript to increase readability.

#3. Vue is much easier to learn than React as it does not involve the learning of JSX, ES2015, or build systems. Since Vue.js can scale up, you can also begin learning the updated tools and best practices. However, an important point to note here is that React Native is popular for being a library that allows development of native mobile applications using Javascript. So, if your project is about developing a native mobile app, you must go for React.

#4. Vue’s two way data binding is simpler than React’s.

How React does it:

How Vue does it:

Credits: rlafranchi.github.io

What to expect from Vue in 2017

Vue.js team is working towards making documentations better in 2017. There will also be improvements in APIs and on-boarding experience in the Native Rendering. Testing is another area Vue team is focussing on. So, there will be more guidance in the docs and official testing utilities to allow developers to test Vue.js components at ease. Besides, Vue is likely to see better discoverability in 2017.

The reason many developers are turning to Vue is that it addresses the issues of React and Angular. And, provides a way to code in a much simpler and easier manner. But, one must not forget that Angular and React are still very big names in the JavaScript world, whereas Vue has just begun to rise. There is no good or bad framework. Any framework you choose should be based on how apt it’s functionalities are for your project and how comfortable you are using it.

What do you think about the future of Vue.js? Do you think it is right to compare Vue.js to established frameworks like Angular or React? As usual, your views are important for all our readers, please share them into the comment box below.

Sources: github.com

Vuejs.org

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Python 3.6, the newest major release of the Python language, has added a new module, called secrets, to help generate cryptographically strong random numbers for managing secrets, like account authentication, tokens and related secrets. Python developers are highly likely to prefer secrets over the default pseudo-random number generator in the random module, since it’s not meant for cryptography or security, but modelling and simulation.

Let’s understand with an example how one can create their own cryptographically strong pseudo-random values and generate tokens using the secrets module.

How to create Cryptographically Strong Pseudo-Random Values using secrets

>>> import secrets
>>> import string
>>> characters = string.ascii_letters + string.digits
>>> secure_password = ''.join(secrets.choice(chNo Records.aracters) for i in range(10))
>>> secure_password
'SRvM54ZAs1'

The first step is to import the secrets and the string modules. Then we create a string of uppercase letters and integers. Now, in order to choose characters randomly to generate a secure password, we need to use the secrets module’s choice() method. The reason it’s being called a secure password is because there’s been a use of mixed case, numbers and symbols in the password, which is highly advised to people to keep their passwords protected from hack attacks.

How to Generate Tokens using secrets

There is not one but several methods to generate tokens using the secrets module. Below are mentioned some examples to ease your learning on token generation using secrets.

>>>: secrets.token_bytes()
b'\xd1Od\xe0\xe4\xf8Rn\xf4G\xdb\x08\xa8\x85\xeb\xba>\x8cO\xa7XV\x1cb\xd6\x11\xa0\xcaK'

>>> secrets.token_bytes(8)
b'\xfc,9y\xbe]\x0e\xfb'

>>> secrets.token_hex(16)
'6cf3baf51c12ebfcbe26d08b6bbe1ac0'

>>> secrets.token_urlsafe(16)
'5t_jLGlV8yp2Q5tolvBesQ'

The token_bytes function here allows to return a random byte string containing nbytes number of bytes. A reasonable default could also be put into use when nbytes is None or not supplied. In the first example, there is no mention of number of bytes, hence Python itself choose a reasonable number there. The token-bytes function was used again, but this time with 8 bytes. The next function used was token_hex, to return a random text string, in hexadecimal. The token_urlsafe function is the last one used there, meant to return a random URL-safe text string. Base64 encoding was also used for text.

Click here to unveil 7 Python libraries to use in 2017

How Many Bytes to Use for Tokens?

You should have sufficient randomness for your tokens to secure them against brute-force attacks. It’s advised that at least 32 bytes (256 bits) of randomness should be used to protect tokens from security breaches.

The Python developer community will see the secrets module as an important addition to Python 3.6. With secrets, Python 3.6 developers now have a reliable way to generate cryptographically strong tokens and passwords.

What’s your view on addition of secrets to Python 3.6? Would you like to give the secrets module a try for generating tokens and passwords? Please share your views in the comment box below.

Source 1: http://www.blog.pythonlibrary.org/

Source 2: https://docs.python.org 


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There is no denying the fact that planning and estimation play a big role in the success of any project. While Agile methodologies continue to reign the IT world, the ordinary style of planning and estimation has declined to a big extent. That said, I am shedding light on how project managers can plan and estimate in Agile project management to make it a success.


Click here to learn why Agile Project Management is better than Traditional Project Management Approach.

Let’s Begin with Agile Planning

Due to the fluid nature of Agile, some project managers may think that there is no planning required in Agile project management. However, an important point to note here is that Agile project management entails specific kind of planning to handle the dynamic nature of Agile environment.


Since there are different Agile methodologies, like Scrum, Lean and Kanban, a lot of shared ideas exist on Agile planning. Here I am discussing the ones shared by most of the agile methodologies.


Click here to learn about key project management methodologies: PRINCE2, NPI, RAD, Scrum and Waterfall.


Agile Planning Life Cycle

Agile planning life cycle may not make sense to some project managers initially, since it has short, repetitive and flexible nature. It may also appear as if the Agile planning life cycle begins from where the planning for traditional (non-agile) projects ends. However, all these beliefs are attributable to lack of understanding of Agile concepts. Let’s understand how.


If you gather all the information before your development team even starts writing the code, you are highly likely to put a whammy on your end product by missing out on current market demands. This is what Agile does not not allow to happen.


The basis of Agile is simple: It’s not possible to determine all the tasks to complete a software project in the very beginning. Since the plan, the requirements and the architecture of a project have gradual emergence, Agile allows to make important iterations during the development lifecycle itself. The end product, as a result, not only pleases the client, but also meets current market demands.


Five Key Areas Agile Planning is Based On:

Image result for planning and estimation in Agile project management

Image source: blogspot.in


1. Product Vision Planning: This level of planning is meant to look into the future of the product and create the macro image of the product’s world. Product vision planning helps in understanding the priorities and their estimations.


2. Product Roadmap Planning: Now that the idea of how the product would look like is clear, the next step is to divide the product’s world into distinct buildings. These distinct buildings are used to estimate the releases with respect to the general functionalities and time needed.


3. Release Planning: This level of planning calls for determining how each building will appear.


4. Iteration Planning: Now comes planning for the floors required for each building and how each floor will appear from inside. For example, the kitchen, bathroom, etc. The benefit of iteration planning is that it helps assign the floors to different teams based on their abilities and experience.


5. Daily Commitment Planning: Simply telling your team the part of the floor they have to build is not enough. You are also required to give them explicit directions on how to build the assigned rooms, like constructing the walls, windows, doors, etc. As a result, you can make right expectations and accurate projections.

Now Comes the Estimation Part

  • Expert Advice: One of the best ways to make estimations is to ask people with previous experience on the assigned tasks.

  • Comparison: Conducting analogies between known and unknown tasks enables to find a relative scale for estimation.

  • Divided Tasks: Estimations are more likely to prove accurate when tasks are broken into smaller ones.


However, it’s important to understand that estimations are subject to change. Therefore, you must have real data with you, for which you need to create the minimum viable product. Doing so, you can see how close your projections are to reality. Besides, you need to keep making improvements in your products to make your projections realistic. After you begin getting results, you can figure out if the projections are valid or you need to make changes in them.


Agile planning and estimation enables faster completion of a project, but without making any compromise on quality. As project managers often witness rapid changes in market demands, a proper planning and estimation is must to save the end-product from up having loose ends. This is the reason why Agile methodologies continue to soar in popularity. I hope the insight I offered through this blog into Agile planning and estimation would help you make a better decision on project management.


Have you ever taken up an Agile project or been a part of Agile estimation and planning team before? Do you want to add more to Agile planning and estimation? Please put your views in the comment box below.

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Python developers have a big pool of frameworks to choose from for their web projects. However, Django, without a shred of doubt, has become the most popular web framework among Python developers world over. Through this blog, I am throwing light on why Python developers prefer Django to other popular Python web frameworks, such as Flask, Pyramid, Tornado, Bottle, Diesel, Pecan, Falcon, and many more.


Before jumping on to the virtues of Django, let’s understand in brief what a web framework is


A web framework is a code library that makes it easier for developers to build dynamic websites, web applications and web services. It’s a known fact that every site has a common set of functionality (like handling sessions, data validation, etc) that you need to re-write each time you create a website. This makes the task mundane and tedious. However, using a web framework ends your plight of re-writing common set of functionalities each time you create a website, resulting in faster development. In a nutshell, web frameworks ease web development life.


If you want to dive deep into web frameworks and their benefits, click here.

Why Django is the Best Web Framework for Python Developers

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Django is a high-level, MVC-style, open-source collection of libraries written in Python. Django, also called “the framework for perfectionists with deadlines," was originally designed for news sites as it allows developers to write database-driven web applications without having to start coding from scratch.


Besides faster completion of common web development tasks, Django helps keep the design clean and pragmatic. Django is the best place for new Python web developers as the official documentation and tutorials are some of the best in software development.


The tech market is flooded with a gamut of web frameworks, but Django sits nicely at the top when it comes to the most popular server-side web frameworks. The motto behind designing Django was simple: Don’t repeat yourself. Django is written in Python, therefore emphasizes efficiency improvement by minimizing the hassle of writing too much code. Cloud platform support makes Django even a more popular choice for web development.

Key Features of Django

  • Django Comes with “Batteries-Included”


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Image Courtesy: SlideShare


That Django is based on ”batteries-included” philosophy, you need not to use separate libraries to implement common functionalities, like authentication, URL routing, a templating system, an object-relational mapper (ORM), and database schema migrations. If you are using or have used Flask, you must have noticed that it calls for a separate library like Flask-Login to perform user authentication. Such is not the case with Django.

  • Free API


With Django, it’s easy to generate a Python API based on your models. No additional coding required as a simple command is good enough to begin generating APIs.


  • Unique Admin Interface

Image result for Unique Admin Interface with django

Image Courtesy: Django documentation


You can have information on your site from outside contributors even before the site is completely built. Such is the power of Django. The framework empowers you to quickly and easily generate an administration site straight from an application's models.


  • Code Layout


In contrast to most web frameworks, Django makes it easier to plug new capabilities in your product by using things called applications. As a result, developers feel encouraged to write code that is self contained.


  • Django’s ORM Takes Care of Databases

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Image Courtesy: Full Stack Python


Django’s Object Relational Mapper (ORM) takes care of databases. So, no hassles of dealing with the Structured Query Language (SQL), which is mostly used to query the database for the data needed. Unlike many other Python frameworks that directly work on the database via SQL, Django developers have a unique option to manipulate the corresponding Python model object. Django works out-of-the-box with relational database management systems like PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, and Oracle.


Click here to learn the basics of data management with Django and its ORM.


  • Robust Built-in Template System


Based on the inheritance system, Django’s templates allow developers to build entire, dynamic websites out of a very small amount of front-end code. Thanks to the option to replace certain elements of templates with other, context specific elements. Imagine a situation where you know that every page of your site is going to have a header and a footer. Now, you first need to write the code in the site’s base template. And then, you can alter the components between those two things dynamically, from other parts of the application.


  • Simple, Readable URLs


It’s difficult to properly read URLs developed in PHP os ASP. With Django, you can create simple and easy-to-read URLs, which is good for both human beings and search engines. You can create readable URLs with other frameworks too, but none is as easy as Django is for URL construction.


  • Enables Quick and Easy Creation of RSS and Atom feeds


With Django, you can quickly and easily create RSS and Atom feeds by creating a simple Python class.

  • Automatically Creates Tables in Database


If there is a table missing in your database, you can automatically create it by executing the migrate command in Django.



  • Easy Database Migrations


One of the most useful features of Django is database migrations. With Django’s migrations, you can change a database schema in quick time. It’s also easy to track your database schema and its associated changes. Migration names help in managing version control, and a plethora of options are available to merge versions and make modifications.


  • Security


Django is highly secured. The framework comes with default protection against XSS attacks, CSRF attacks, SQL injections, clickjacking, user management, cookies, email header injection, cryptography, directory traversal etc.



Django has a very dynamic community, with 80,000 StackOverflow issues and numerous blogs from the developers and power users. Some popular websites that use Django are Bitbucket, Pinterest, Instagram, and The Onion. Django continues to soar in popularity and is likely to remain the most popular choice of Python developers.


PHP vs Ruby vs Python: Which Language is the Best for Your Career and Prospects

 

Have you used Django for a project before? Do you really think that Django is the best framework for Python developers? As always, your views are vital for all our readers, please share them in the comment box below.

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Are you an Ubuntu user and seeing regular notifications to upgrade the older version (14.04 or 15.10) to the newest Ubuntu 16.04? If that’s a yes, then let me unveil for you seven major benefits you can draw by upgrading your older Ubuntu version to Ubuntu 16.04.


Called as Xenial Xerus, the latest Ubuntu 16.04 upgrade is a Long Term Support (LTS) release. So, no grumbling over critical security, bug and app updates from Canonical, for at least five years. In my view, if you are looking forward to a stable, predictable system, Ubuntu 16.04 should definitely be your choice.


Let’s Talk About Top Seven Virtues Of Ubuntu 16.04

  • No Spyware In Ubuntu 16.04 LTS


Since 2012, unbuntu was mired in the controversy over the online search results in Ubuntu’s Dash. The things were only made worse with the introduction of “Smart Scopes Service” in 2013, so much so that Free Software Foundation President Richard Stallman called Ubuntu Linux "spyware". He along with many people raised concerns over the operating system sending data to Ubuntu maker Canonical when a user searched the desktop. However, the latest Ubuntu upgrade puts all such search-related concerns to rest.


Online search features in Ubuntu 16.04 come disabled by default for new installs, meaning your search terms will reside within your computer only. In case you think the move will attenuate your ability to search and preview content through the dash, you can re-enable online search results in a couple of clicks.

  • Snap: The New Packaging Format


Ubuntu 16.04 sports a brand new packaging format, opening gates for developers to distribute packages that contain everything needed to run. Unlike previous Ubuntu versions, Ubuntu 16.04 boasts of snap that can contain both application binary and any dependencies required for it to run. And this is regardless of whether or not libraries are installed on the host system.


So now, there is no need to add x PPA for an app and then y PPA for the latest version of z dependency. Moreover, developers can include newer versions of any libraries as part of their Snap. In previous versions, developers faced limitations of building apps to frozen base of libraries. But not anymore, thanks to snap in Ubuntu 16.04. Users can also enjoy newer versions of apps on older versions of Ubuntu without compromising on the stability of the entire system.


  • New Software Center

Image source: pentruprieteni.com


People were bored with Ubuntu’s centralized app store, which was introduced by Canonical in 2009. Due to slow speed of Ubuntu Software Center, many users got frustrated and wanted something that acts briskly. To address the issue, Canonical has brought up a new package manager, called GNOME software, in Ubuntu 16.04, which is fast, lightweight and very responsive.


  • Ubuntu 16.04 Allows To Move Unity 7’s Launcher To The Bottom

Image source: askubuntu.com


With the latest LTS release of Ubuntu 16.04, many users believe their requests have finally been heard by Canonical, especially with Unity launcher. Now, the Unity 7 desktop on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS enables users to move the launcher bar to the bottom of the screen. Now that we mostly use widescreen monitors, the launcher bar on the left hand side does not make sense to many.So, Ubuntu 16.04 finally gives you the choice to preserve’ space efficiently by moving the application launcher to the bottom.


However, you need to use the GUI and the command-line. Don’t worry, it's hassle-free. Simply open a terminal window and enter the command given below.


gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom


In case, you don’t find it the cup of your tea, you can easily undo it by using this command.


gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Left


  • Linux Kernel 4.4


Ubuntu 16.04 LTS comes with a modified version of Linux 4.4 kernel. The move aims at providing improved system stability, efficiency, performance, power, and file system handling. Moreover, it gives better support for Intel Skylake, Intel’s new sixth-generation Core family of mainstream processors, and Raspberry Pi.


Other advantages of Kernel 4.4 are:


  • 3D support in the virtual GPU driver

  • New driver for Corsair Vengeance K90

  • Support for TPM 2.0 chips

  • Journaled RAID 5 support


  • Set App Menus To Always Show

Image source: www.makeuseof.com


In Ubuntu 16.04, a new setting called "Menus visibility" is available in the Appearance panel. You will see two options therein - “Displayed on mouse hovering” and “Always displayed”. So, by choosing “Always displayed”, users can ensure that the menus of any application are always visible.


It won’t be wrong to say that by leaving the menu visible in each application’s windows, you can easily combine old-school functionality with a modern look.


  • Support for ZFS File System

Image source: arstechnica.com


Ubuntu 16.04 is the first version to support zfs filesystem on Linux. As per Canonical, zfs is the combination of a volume manager and a filesystem. The new version does not ask you to make any effort from your side, since zfs.ko will be automatically built and installed on your Ubuntu systems. Zfs facilitates improvements towards enterprise and server use.


Also, zfs is better than BTRFS and allows users to efficiently create snapshots of your machine. Zfs support in Ubuntu 16.04 opens gates to manage multiple physical storage devices in a much better way than previous options, like ext3 and ext4.


Without a doubt, Ubuntu 16.04 is the most exciting release by Canonical in the past few years. There are many other benefits of Ubuntu 16.04, like access to session shortcuts in Dash, which allows users to Logout, Reboot & Shutdown, directly through it. However, I have discussed the top six that have been coaxing Ubuntu users into upgrading to Ubuntu 16.04.


Do you think Ubuntu 16.04 is the right choice for you? Have you already upgraded to Ubuntu 16.04 and facing issues with it? You think of benefits that are more important than what I have discussed? Please share your views in the comment box below.





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    VR

    Image source: vrjournal.com


    We all have witnessed the technology world advancing from one level to another, so much so that humanity is now setting up to colonize planet Mars by 2023. In this blog, we intend to talk about the two next frontiers of digital technology - Virtual Reality(VR) and Augmented Reality(AR), and their distinction.

    What is Virtual Reality?

    Virtual Reality means creation of the world that is not real, but seems real. To your better understanding, Virtual Reality is the creation of a 3D environment that simulates the real world and users can interact with it by wearing a VR helmet or goggles similar to Oculus Rift. The virtual environment is immersive and computer generated. A coding language Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) is used to create VR software and bring some place else for you.


    Image source: www.linkedin.com

    “VR is about escaping the real world and going someplace you couldn’t normally go,” says Jeffrey Gattis, HTC’s executive director of marketing for connected products, adding that “Games, movies, even sporting events and travel are perfectly suited to the medium, but it will be important that we continue to see growth in the number of developers creating VR content.”


    Click here to learn about 7 best virtual reality mobile apps.

    What is Augmented Reality?


    Augmented reality is a perfect mix of digital and real world, making the existing reality more meaningful. The creation of Augmented Reality calls for integration of digital information with the user’s environment in the real time. So, it’s absolutely correct to say that AR makes use of our current reality to overlay new information on top of it, thereby allowing the user to make more sense out of the existing environment.


    Let’s get a better insight with an example:


    Blippar (an AR app for iOS and Android) allows you to discover a whole new world by pointing your phone’s camera to various products or images. The Augmented Reality app enables you to blip everyday objects from plants, fruits to pets. Moreover, the app allows your smartphone to bring a static print ad to life, or watch a movie trailer by simply focusing your smartphone camera at a poster.


    Click here to know about the 15 best Augmented Reality apps available in the app market.


    Image source: www.slideshare.net


    Microsoft made headlines last year when it unveiled HoloLens that uses AR similar to Mini's driving goggles. However, HoloLens goes a step further to significantly narrow down the gap between your PC and your living room. It actually paves the way for you to surround yourself with your Windows 10 apps.


    Pranav Mistry, the Global Vice President of Research at Samsung and the head of Think Tank Team, has developed an AR device SixthSense that enables new interactions between the real world and the world of data. SixthSense allows a user to use natural hand gestures to interact with digital information.


    Both AR and VR are very interesting technologies, which takes us to the next important section of the blog:

    Difference Between Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality


    Although both AR and VR create an immersive experience for a user, they are different from each other. VR isolates a user from the real world and creates a completely fabricated world, while AR delivers virtual elements as an overlay to the real world.


    With AR, virtual components like digital images, graphics, or sensations are added to the real world as a new layer of interaction. So, AR does not give rise to an environment that is not real, but enhances and enriches the current reality.


    Without a doubt, VR provides users more immersive experience than AR, however, VR does not allow the users to interact with their surroundings. As it’s not possible for a VR user to see what is right next to them, VR doesn’t provide a practical way to interact in the real world. VR is best suited for video games and social networking in the virtual environment, like Second Life or PlayStation Home.

    Gears for Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

    Virtual Reality

    Augmented Reality

    • Oculus Rift

    • Samsung Gear VR

    • Google Cardboard

    • HTC Vive

    • Sony Project Morpheus

  • Google Glass 2

  • Microsoft HoloLens

  • Sony SmartEyeglass

  • Recon Jet

  • Magic Leap

  • Vuzix M100

  • ODG R-7



  • By now, it must be clear that VR and AR and two different concepts. While AR is for real world, VR is for content that has nothing to do with our current reality. AR adds more meaningful information to our experiences in real time, which is why it is believed to do a lot with our everyday lives. If you have ever got a chance to experience AR or VR, please share your experience with us in the comment box below.

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    Image source: www.tnooz.com


    Many businesses, especially small and medium size ones, have been increasingly moving to Cloud Computing for one great reason - Huge reduction in business cost. However, there is a fallacy among many people that Cloud Computing and Software as a Service(SaaS) are one and the same thing. Although SaaS is related to Cloud Computing, the duo is very different from each other. In this blog, we will talk about how Cloud Computing and Software as a Service(SaaS) are distinct from each other.


    eccccca7-7274-4539-bc3a-0e168298c537.generated_splash_0

    Image source: www.salesforce.com


    Cloud is basically used as a metaphor for “the Internet”. Cloud Computing offers storage and access to data and applications over the internet, rather than your local servers or personal devices. So, instead of buying your own servers or software, you can rent computing infrastructure and services to ensure smooth functioning of your business operations.


    Imagine that you are a startup company with a unique idea, but don’t have enough funds to bear the cost of infrastructure, hardware and software to kick off your business operations. Here, Cloud Computing comes to your business rescue to prevent it from drowning in the ocean of cost struggles.


    Click here to gain insight into 7 Ways Cloud Computing helps SMBs boost their Business.

    Cloud Computing comes in Three Forms: Public Cloud, Private Cloud and Hybrid Cloud

    Image source: vmwaretips.com

    • Public Cloud services are available for use off-site over the internet. You can use public clouds, like Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and IBM’s Blue Cloud, for developing SaaS applications for end-users. The rental cost of public clouds is very pocket-friendly since the provider bears the cost of hardware, application and bandwidth.


    However, an organization that deals with sensitive data may not like to go for public clouds since configuration, security, and SLA specificity are weak on public clouds.


    • Private Cloud services facilitate flexibility, scalability, provisioning, automation and monitoring for a single company. Private clouds are expensive, but they are highly secured, thus companies dealing with sensitive data may not want to shy away from private cloud model. Private clouds are divided into two categories: On-premise private clouds and externally hosted private clouds.


    • Hybrid Cloud is a mix of public cloud and private cloud. So, you can begin using a public cloud to save your business cost, however, you can also migrate to private cloud as soon as you face security concerns.


    Microsoft's Windows Azure, Amazon Web Services and Rackspace.com are some of the popular names of Cloud Computing service providers.

    Offerings of Cloud Computing Under Public Cloud, Private Cloud and Hybrid Cloud


    Cloud Computing has three offerings: Platform as a Service(PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service(IaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS).


    PaaS provides a platform to developers to build applications services over the internet using tools and plugins supplied by the provider. All you need to use PaaS services is a computer with an internet connection, obviously you have to pay for the subscription of PaaS services, but only for the services you use. The best part is you need not to worry about update of services, since the PaaS service provider regularly updates the services, upgrades existing features and adds additional features without charging any fee.

    IaaS services include virtual server space, network connections, bandwidth, IP addresses and load balancers. IaaS automatically allocates as many servers as your requirement is, and charges you accordingly. So, IaaS saves you a lot of business cost since you only pay as per the usage of numbers of servers being allocated to your business.

    As IaaS is a scalable service, you need not worry if there is a sudden rise in the numbers of your service users. Moreover, the IaaS service provider is responsible for maintaining the data centers. The IaaS service remains unaffected by the failure of one server or network due to the remaining multitude of hardware resources and redundancy configurations.

    Click here to learn what scalability means in cloud computing.

    Let’s Now Move On To SaaS


    Image source: www.qaist.co.uk


    SaaS means computer applications that sit on the cloud, instead of your computer and devices. It’s true that SaaS is available on the cloud, but it must not be mistaken for the cloud. The reason is simple, developers can develop a SaaS application using PaaS, but the application itself doesn’t mean cloud. Google Apps, Salesforce, Workday, Concur and GoToMeeting are some of the examples of SaaS applications. Unlike PaaS services that are used by software developers, application vendors, savvy computer users and IT executives to build a service or app, SaaS applications are used by end-users.


    While cloud Computing is meant for high-end customization, SaaS is more about low-end customization. By now, it must be clear that Cloud Computing and SaaS are two very different technologies. The only similarity between SaaS and Cloud Computing is that they free you from the need of having on-premise hardware or software.


    The Takeaway: Cloud Computing and SaaS are not one. SaaS is a subset of Cloud Computing.


    SaaS relates to Cloud Computing since it sits on virtual servers, but it must no be mistaken for being Cloud itself. You can use a SaaS application that exists on cloud and build it using PaaS, but can’t call it cloud. If you have ever used a SaaS, PaaS or IaaS and want to share your experience or add more on to the distinction between Cloud Computing and SaaS, please put your views in the comment box below.


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    What was your main aim behind building a website for your company? You would say, to promote your business and market your products, right? But a bigger question is do we know another stark reality - Without an appealing web design, most of your efforts to monetize visitors go in vain. Now that we are in 2017 already, it’s paramount to figure out what trends will appear and evolve in web design this year. So, here is a complete list of top web design trends that will rule the web in 2017.

    Top Web Design Trends to Look Out for in 2017


    • Vertical user flows: That mobiles have become a commonplace for users to surf the internet, web designers would feel enticed to give their websites the feel of vertical patterns and scrolling. Even Google confirmed last year that it witnessed more searches via smartphones than desktops. So, it’s important that your web design allows users to scroll more on smaller screens. In a nutshell, vertical user interfaces will become the thing of present in 2017 to lure prospective customers into visiting your sites, and thereby increasing conversion rates.


    • Card-style interface designs: Card-style designs are becoming ubiquitous since they help a great deal in giving personalized experiences built on collection of many individual pieces of content. Knowing that cards provide a perfect view of content from different sources, popular sites like Facebook and Pinterest have already joined the bandwagon of card-style architecture. Rise of mobile technologies has greatly contributed to the emergence of card-style interface designs.


    .



    Image source: www.droid-life.com


    Cards-layouts are a great medium to communicate stories and make it much easier for users to scan blocks. The freedom users get to view content immediately and as they wish is the biggest reason we find card-style interfaces in several apps, websites and printed pieces. And this trend is highly likely to surge in 2017 right from where it ended in 2017.


    • High quality background videos and images: Users understand a story more clearly when they see visuals and motions on your website in the form of photos, 3D graphics and HD quality videos. A website background with large-sized photos or headers with large images or hero headers gives users an entranced view your website. Thanks to recent advancements in mobile technology for making it possible to reduce bandwidth and compress images without compromising on quality.

    Image source: www.udemy.com


    According to ClickZ, online content video views surpassed 50 billion a month for the first time on record. The implication is crystal clear, grace your website with snappy background image and high quality videos to grab the attention of users.


    • Motion animations: Anything that involves movement catches a human eye. Motion animations rose in popularity in 2015 and the path is set for them to surge even higher in 2017. We can expect their sizes to decrease, but they are a great medium to keep users engaged while they wait for content to load. Web designers first need to identify the purpose tiny animations have to serve so that they can create the desired effect on users.



    Image source: 1stwebdesigner.com


    • Stylish loading bars: We all know that users quickly disappear from sites that take more than four to six seconds to load. The remedy to the poorly designed loading page is a loading page itself, but it must keep users interested and doesn’t let them drive away from your site. The loading page can tell users the story of what you do. For example, a car-selling site could have a loading bar that looks like a car running towards the finishing line.


    Image source: www.pinterest.com



    • Unique typography: Typography is where art meets text. In 2017, designers will realize the potential of typography to give their websites a unique look. The typeface of your website is important for branding since it plays a big role in whole representation of your website. You must ask these two questions to yourself before deciding on the typography for your website:


    Which fonts could reflect your brand identity?

    Can users see in them the message you want to deliver?


    Typography indeed has an impact on conversion rates, thus it’s very imperative that you make use of more usable web type tools like Google Fonts and Adobe Typekit.



    Image source: gtechdesign.net


    • Hamburger menu: Since the whole world is moving towards smaller screens, hamburger menus are expected to rise to even more popularity. A hamburger menu rids the need of taking too much room on a website. Hamburger menus make a site appear free of navigation clutter like drop-downs, social icons, search bars and utility links. Since most people are familiar with the usage of a hamburger menu, web designers would like to place navigation under it in 2017.



    Image source: techcrunch.com


    • Websites with full-screen slides: We have already seen websites with sliders where images move within a frame to display content. These slides then transformed into full-screen slides. These full-screen slides bring new content after being refreshed with a click, scroll or timed effect. The advantage of these full-screen slides is that they give users a physical experience as they navigate forward and backward. In 2017, we can expect an abundance of sites trying to nack upon on this concept.


    Image source: nowtheme.com


    • Bold colors: Web designers will increasingly make use of vibrant colors and bold tone combinations to add a unique eye appeal to their websites. Unlike 2015 when more monotone big colors designs were used, larger and brighter color palettes will be used in 2017.


    Web design trends keep on evolving to add more to site aesthetics, be it visual or text. The above examples are top trends that seem to reign web designing in 2017. If you have any experience in web designing and want to add more to what has already been discussed, please share them in the comment box below.


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    Source: YouTube

    You may have heard the new buzzword in software development world - Language Agnosticism. Language Agnosticism is a skill that programmers develop by expanding their reach to different languages. Simply knowing a programming language does not seem to be the thing of present anymore to make a mark in the software development industry as a software developer. Since software development paradigm has witnessed radical changes in the past few years, language agnosticism appears to have become a kind of necessary skill software developers should have. Let’s talk about what Language Agnosticism is and implications it has for software developers.

    What’s this “Language Agnosticism” software developers just can’t stop talking about


    Language Agnosticism means choosing a language that best fits a particular task based on factors like ecosystem, developer skill-sets, performance etc. If you are a language agnostic aspirant, you need to transcend the boundary of a specific set of language.


    Let’s better understand this with an example: You are a Java developer, but you have a new development task ahead for which Ruby or Perl is more appropriate. So, despite being a Java expert, you decide to go with either Ruby or Perl since they best suit the development task you are going to take up. This capability of a software developer is called as Language Agnosticism.

    Why Language Agnosticism is being touted as a boon to software development?


    Software engineering is no longer restricted only to writing code. It requires much more than that, like finding an effective solution to any problem related to software development, script, algorithm etc. Software developers also need to know about language-agnostic interfaces for software development. Language Agnosticism gives software developers the much-needed freedom to develop apps in their preferred languages. Below are the benefits of being language agnostic:


    • You become a complete software engineer rather than simply being a Java developer or C++ developer.


    You have been working as a Java developer or C++ developers for quite sometime and now you want to become versatile and stand out as a software engineer. The solution is to become a language agnostic, which will require you to learn other languages like Haskell or Scala. You will initially face problems learning a new language, but within a week or two you will begin picking it up. Once you get a strong grip over the new languages, your value as a software engineer increases by many folds.


    • Helps figure out how to use certain language features effectively


    A programmer is not using any object-oriented features in his/her C++ code and passing everything as a pointer. What do you make out of it? Simple, the developer is not programming in C++. Instead, the programming is being done in C using a C++ compiler. A language agnostic never makes a mistake of believing that learning a language is synonymous to writing code that compiles. He/she rather figures out what those things are and how to put them into the best use in that language.


    Many changes have occurred in ECMAScript 2015,  but it is yet possible to cross-compile any other language to ES5, though some will require a bunch of libraries to become as effective as desired.


    • Gives rise to nimble thinking


    When you know various languages, you tend to get the knack for finding quick solutions to future problems. The reason for this is well justified. Since you can think about your problem in several frameworks, chances are high for you to find a cleaner and effective solution to your problem.


    • A language agnostic software developer is a happy software developer


    Performance and quality of software have a direct impact on the happiness of software developers. Since language agnosticism paves the way for building good software, a language agnostic is happier than the ones who are not. Moreover, a language agnostic feels encouraged to keep on honing their skills and become better software engineers.


    If you want to get insight into language-agnostic interfaces for software development, click here.


    Language agnosticism opens new avenues for software developers to enhance their programming skills and stand out to offer unique solutions to their respective clients or organizations. Your views are highly welcome in the comment box below.









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    Agile Project Management Methodology has emerged as a great alternative to traditional project management methodology, like Waterfall. Agile is predominant in IT and software projects since it allows to adapt to rapidly changing business environments. Unlike traditional project management, Agile calls for producing and delivering work in short bursts, also called sprints.

     

    Gathering all the requirements before the development team even starts writing the code puts your software at a great risk of being not in line with current market demands and become a failure. When you decide what your product should be in the very beginning, you tend to ignore important iterations that must be made during the development lifecycle, thereby preventing your final product from being the right fit for the market.

     

    A plethora of project management methodologies are available in tech market, however, for the success and timely completion of a project, it’s imperative to choose the one that fits your business requirements and empowers the product development to keep the pace with changing client demands.

     

    Key characteristics of Agile Project Management

    • Empowers developers to self-organize the task

    • Enhances learning, knowledge sharing and communications among team members

    • Emergent behavior to deal with uncertainty

    • No detailed documentation and calls for just enough planning

    • Continuous product refinement via regular iterations

    • Constant feedback, research and creativity

    • Faster completion of projects without compromising on the quality of desired product

    • Maximum ROI

     

    Agile project management is a boon especially to IT field because time determines the fate of your product. Since IT has become a fast-paced world, months have been reduced to weeks, and weeks have been reduced to days. If you take too long to develop a software, chances are high that the requirements for it change drastically by the time it is finally available for use, which makes Agility a matter of paramount importance. Agile enables the development team to work faster by dividing tasks into different sprints and incorporate innovation and uniqueness in the development process.

     

    Limited documentation in Agile project management also improves the pace of a product’s development lifecycle. Instead of long documentation that nobody has time to read, Agile calls for increased interaction among team members, customer feedback, imagination, coding, testing and new ideas. These factors result in appropriate response to a change rather than following a plan that has prerequisite measures and no room for dealing with a change. Unlike traditional project management, Agile paves the way to adapt to even last-minute changes.

     

     

    b2ap3_thumbnail_agile_methodology_overview.png

                       source: http://www.softwareadvice.com/

     

    The biggest reason for the immense popularity of Agile is its basis - It’s not possible to determine all the tasks going to be required for completion of a software project up-front, design an architecture upfront and get all the requirements upfront. Agile is built upon the belief that constant feedback cycles, research, undisrupted interaction and creativity allows the plan, the requirements and the architecture of a project to gradually emerge. As a result, the end-product meets not only the client’s need, but latest market demands too.

     

    Although Agile project management has proved to be a great help for IT managers, nearly 48% of US project managers use it for non-IT projects as well.

     

     

    b2ap3_thumbnail_Agile-PM-Users-by-Project-Types.png

                  source: http://www.adfkickstart.com/agile-methodology

     

    Since Agile project management is the best fit for businesses that have continuously changing environments and highly complex situations, it is often deployed in ever-evolving software and IT industry. However, non-IT managers have also begun to use Agile for project management as even they find it difficult to articulate requirements without seeing a tangible product first. Agile ensures production of a quality product that flawlessly meets client’s requirements.

     

    If you have ever used Agile and have additional inputs to add, please share them in the comment box below.

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    source: www.manageprojectsonsharepoint.com

     

    Is project management really a conundrum of almost every project manager? Well, experts say not for those who know to bring key project management methodologies to their advantage. A cutting-edge project management methodology is designed to assist project managers in flawlessly dealing with problems and ensuring timely completion.

     

    Moreover, a project management methodology allows project managers to set different tasks to complete a project and manage ad-hoc resources as and when the need arise.

    Usually, there are five processes in a project management methodology

     

    • Initiate
    • Plan
    • Execute
    • Monitor
    • Close
     

     

    An organization that takes the responsibility of completing a project for a customer has to deploy a project manager, right resources and a capable team to ensure the same. Therefore, a project management methodology acts nothing less than a savior for a project manager who is responsible for the entire project in the end. In this blog, I am discussing five most popular project management methodologies: PRINCE2, Scrum, Waterfall, NPI and RAD.

     

    Let’s begin!

     

    PRINCE2 (An acronym for PRojects IN Controlled Environments)

     

    PRINCE2 is a process-based project management method and is widely used by the UK government and private sector world over. The methodology has become immensely popular for delivering quality results within the stipulated period of time.

     

    images (1).jpg

                                                                          source: scilsng.com

     

    You must be asking how a project manager meets the end-goal of completing a project in time using PRINCE2. Pay attention to key features of PRINCE2 below:

    • Enables effective product-based planning and communication
    • Fit for any kind of project
    • Defines roles and responsibilities
    • Gives rise to consistency
    • Hassle free monitoring
    • Opens gates for learning
    • Results oriented not task oriented

    PRINCE2 makes it easier to decide who are the right people to take on your project and what tasks they are supposed to perform to complete the project. Besides, the method enhances risk management ability, managing quality and control changes on the project.

    SCRUM

     

    Let’s talk about the second project management methodology called as Scrum. It’s the best methodology that fits for projects free of budget constraints and requires a team that takes one project at one time. A dedicated team means more focus and effective communication. The project manager is called Scrum Master in this process.  

     

    Key features of Scrum:

     

    • Gives rise to high visibility of project
    • Cross-functional, self-organising teams
    • Early identification of problems
    • High productivity
    • Timely response to change
    • Enhanced communication
    • Easy project assessment
    • Predictable schedule to ensure timely delivery of project

     

    Waterfall

     

    Waterfall is a popular project management methodology in most industries in general, construction in particular. Waterfall is simple to understand and use. It requires completion of one phase before going ahead with the second one. After each phase a review is conducted to ensure that the project is on the right path, which helps remove discrepancies and take necessary actions.

     

    Benefits of Waterfall:

    • Simple and easy to use
    • Management ease due to review process and specific deliverables in each phase
    • One phase at one time
    • Ideal for projects that involve physical objects, like buildings or computers
    • Easy to replicate project plans for future use
    • Allows to visually see and communicate a target delivery
    • Easy forward and back planning to ensure timely completion of a project

    NPI (New Product Introduction)

     

    NPI is a process that businesses and companies use for products. NPI helps managers figure out effective ways to develop products as per customer requirements and bring them in the market. NPI is highly useful for companies that are looking forward to respond to customer requirements and market demands.

     

    images.png

    source: www.almengineeringsolutions.co.uk

    Advantages of using NPI:

    • Automates task
    • Removes performance bottlenecks
    • Gives rise to consistent execution and continuous improvement
    • Gives management visibility
    • Allows to introduce products on time
    • Standardize format and attributes for different deliverables
    • Initiates company specific new product introduction process

     

    RAD (RAPID Application Development)

     

    RAD is often referred to the conventional Waterfall and is used for rapid development of products. RAD is mostly used for software development and has very less to do with planning tasks since entire focus is on development. RAD allows to make subsequent improvements and adjustments as a project progresses.   

     

    Advantages of RAD:

     

    • Faster delivery time
    • High quality
    • Improves flexibility and adaptability to changes
    • Highly efficient to handle big-size projects
    • Reduces project risk
    • Helps incorporate short development cycles
    • Low cost
    • Low maintenance

     

    All the above discussed project management methodologies have their own advantages. Before you choose a project management methodology, you must have a clear understanding of your business requirements and functioning of various project management methodologies.

     

    If you have ever used a project management methodology and have additional inputs about project management and techniques, please add them in the comment box below.















     

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    Cloud computing is a boon to every business, irrespective of the size. However, small or medium sized businesses (SMBs) can make the best of them since they can effectively run their business operations without making hefty investments. Unlike cash-strapped businesses, large businesses can afford expensive hardware, software, infrastructure and human resources for streamlined business functioning, thus cloud computing proves the be the kind of panacea for SMBs.

    Nearly 37% of small businesses in the US are currently using cloud services and the figure is likely to surge to 80% in coming 4 years. “The cloud is transforming how small businesses operate and the way companies like ours serve the needs of entrepreneurs," said Joshua Reeves, CEO and co-founder of ZenPayroll, a simple, cloud-based payroll service for accountants and bookkeepers. Reeves adds that his cloud-based payroll service helps businesses get rid of the hours of frustration of dealing with complex tax calculations, countless forms etc. Besides, business owners get time to work on their relationships with employees to appreciate and motivate them. Cloud computing services can be divided into three broad categories:  Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS).

    Let’s talk about as to how cloud computing helps SMBs grow

    • Reduction of business costs: Small businesses can go for cloud-hosted servers to get access to robust and scalable computing. Cloud computing services also minimize IT requirements and physical storage, which helps small businesses cut significant business costs.  When a small business starts growing and witnesses a rapid rise in number of customers, cloud service provider automatically allocated as many servers as requires to effectively handle high traffic. Cloud services can be both scaled up and down based on the business requirement, thus saves the costs of buying and installing new hardware and software. 
    • Top-notch Functionality: A small business has to deal with the conundrum of matching the top class functionality of a large, established business. Since resources to create the custom functionality are expensive, it becomes difficult for small business owners to effectively manage their businesses. But all such business woes are eliminated by cloud computing. A cloud service provider will provide enough flexibility to your business to enhance development, improve maintenance and enable upgrades. 
    • Special services for back-office operations: In future, small businesses can integrate cloud-based plug-in players into their back-office operations to rid the need of spending time and energy on menials tasks related to finance, marketing and human resources. Thus, more small businesses will begin availing cloud services to save both money and effort at their end, which in turn will help other important areas of business.Acloud-computing1 (1).gifsource: www.technewbrand.com 
    • Easy collaboration and no time constraint: When all business related files and documents are saved in cloud, anyone with permission from administrator can access them at any point of time. Such a service gives significant rise to collaboration and removes time-constraint, an important factor to bring success for a new startup or a business  
    • Opportunity to become big: Growing number of platforms and plug-in services will enable small businesses to establish themselves in market that were previously dominated only by large companies. For example, AirBnb, a website that enables people to rent their homes and uses cloud services from AWS, helps individuals expand their reach to mass market via community infrastructure.  
    • High security: Cloud service providers always keep a backup of your important business data. Since the data is also stored offline, chances of hacking, viruses, and other cyber-security issues go out of the equation. 
    • Improved efficiency: Small businesses can improve efficiency to a big extent by adopting cloud computing services. Via cloud computing, operations of a small business do not get hampered because of power requirements, small space and software updates.  

    Cloud computing helps SMBs set up a robust, scalable infrastructure on cloud to ensure smooth functioning of business operations and reduction of costs. Cloud computing offers tremendous opportunities to SMBs to grow without making huge investments. 

    Please give your additional inputs about how cloud computing could help SMBs in the comment box below.

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    data_integration.jpg

                                                source: parthiansystems.com

                                               

     

    What business decisions you make determines the fate of your business. It’s makes enough sense to say that decision making for a business no longer have a reliance only on gut-feeling, past experiences etc since we are now living in a digital-enriched world wherein a huge piles of data is present to make informed decisions. According to Chris Jordan, President, iOLAP, Inc, “Success of any business has a lot to do with unlocking the value of data and convert it into trusted information for critical decision making.”

     

    Since massive amount of data from disparate sources exists in structured, semi-structured and unstructured form,  data integration plays an imperative role to turn it into trusted information.  

    Why Data Integration Holds Significant Importance for Businesses

     

    Data integration helps in converting data from different sources into a structured set of information to make it usable for end-users without complex coding. It allows chief managers to gain insight into customer’s behavior and devise effective marketing strategies.

    Benefits of Data Integration

     

    • Creates value for your business
    • Improves business intelligence
    • Allows timely access to business data
    • Allows integration of diverse businesses and their processes through shared data
    • Enables chief managers to meet business goals
    • Helps in creating valuable database
    • High ROI                                      Data_Integration_Acceleration.png

                                                           source: superdevelop.com

                                       

     

    Data lake is a term referred to a gigantic amount of data which has not been transformed into meaningful information yet, thus brings no benefit for the holder. However, data integration tools, like Pentaho, help convert it into streamlined data refinery with ease to enable chief managers to make informed decisions. Data integration software hold the key for business managers to make predictions, improve business operations and offer products to customer that fit in their interest areas.

     

    Data integration tools enable ETL (extraction-transform-load) to process big data sources in familiar ways. Moreover, data integration tools give you access to their big library of pre-built components, which make it easier for you transform data from a full spectrum of sources. Sub-areas of data integration comprise of data warehousing, data migration, enterprise application and master data management.

    Below is the list of 10 popular data integration tools  

     

    • Astera

    • IBM’s Agile Data Integration
    • Pentaho
    • SAP
    • Jitterbit
    • Oracle Data Integration
    • Informatica
    • HVR Software
    • Information Builders
    • Adeptia

     

    Data integration also gives rise to Predictive personalization, which is the new mantra for businesses to increase their sales numbers and keep on adding new customers to the list of loyal customers. It helps you create a good brand value in the market as invokes a feeling among customers that you pay heed to their individual preferences and deliver tailor-made solutions. CRMs, social media, websites, news feeds etc. generate a lot of data about customers, but without data integration, it’s not possible to make sense of it and figure out what sort of personalized experience your prospective customers are demanding from you. Data integration tools do not cost much and take less time to provide you vital information to transform your business into a big success.

     

    Exploring highly interactive and high-performance information via data integration opens gates to take informed business decisions and take your business to new heights.

     

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                                                             source: sites.ndtv.com

     

    Real-time data means information that is available for use immediately after collection. However, it doesn’t mean that the information will be available to an end-user with microseconds after collection. To best understanding, we can say real-time data is fast data that is not meant to store or kept back for later use in future, but to keep it in motion to give rise to immediate response and action.  

     

    For a long time now, use of real-time data has been restricted to navigation and tracking only. But the picture is changing now with the advent of new technologies being capable of delivering up-to-the minute information to mobile devices through convenience apps.

    How real-time data could help businesses grow?

    By deploying real-time data analytical tools, such as Woopra, Clicky and Mixpanel, businesses can analyze huge data sets of fresh information in a matter of seconds or a few minutes, unlike hours and days previously. Real-time data comprises what people are purchasing online, sharing, posting, clicking, reading and many more.

     

    Making right sense of such information opens doors for businesses of all sizes to understand customer behavior and target them with products they would actually like to make a purchase for. Besides, assessment of customer interaction in real time enables to improve customer service and improve brand value of your products and services. Real-time data improves your business-decision making ability, which in turn increases profitability and takes your business to new heights.

     

    To make real-time operation possible in reality, many businesses have already started asking developers to design their apps that support real-time data, business intelligence(BI), analytical tools and data management.

    Factors to be considered while designing real-time data apps are as follows:

     

    • Customization: Adding a personal touch in an app makes it easier to understand consumer preferences

    • Awareness: Capability to figure out where a user is and what he/she is looking at

    • Speed and interaction: Ability to respond in real-time and take quick actions

     

    All these benefits can be availed if businesses can manage to transcend limitations of cost, difficulties in designing real-time systems, data-management infrastructure, lack of staffing etc. Besides, it would really become possible to make software-enabled automated decisions without having to rely on human beings for the same.  

    Let’s now talk about applications of real-time data

     

                                                source: www.slideshare.net

     

    Retail companies: Real-time data enables a retail company to decide the right product it needs to target a potential customer based on information about what interests and behavior he/she has recently showed on social media and shopping sites.

     

    Retail companies can also figure out on which day traffic is high on their sites and can increase their sales by quickly responding through email campaigns. It’s also possible to monitor social media campaigns in real time and figure out which posts and tweets were liked by your target audience and attracted them to visit your site and make purchases. With online campaigns, it’s very important to act on feedback in real time to improve your products and services, which leads to rise in sales and adds value to your brand.

     

    Sites are subject to downtime due to updates or maintenance requirements. Via real-time data analytics tools, you can figure out when the traffic is low and high on your website. As a result, you can choose right time of a day to repair or update your site, so that users face minimal disruption.

     

    Banking: Real-time data also has a role to play in banking sector as many banks are looking forward to introduce the concept of small mobile banking. This will allow a customer who has recently inquired for a financing a new property to automatically receive alerts from the bank about its mortgage offer, thereby increasing chances of conversion by many folds.  

     

    Insurance: GPS coordinates could help an auto insurance company to get real-time information about an accident a customer has had. Thus, the insurance company, without wasting anytime, can call a towing service provider to take the customer’s car to a repair shop and arrange the nearest rental car service.

     

    Trading: In trading, it becomes paramount to evaluate real-time impacts on trades in order to maintain balance of portfolio metrics and bring down equity-risk exposure. Real-time data is imperative for risk assessment in a trading.

     

    E-commerce sites can enjoy skyrocketing sales by analyzing real-time data, which opens gates to take interaction to an all new level. With real-time data, you can immediately become aware of a blog or any post on the internet that has mentioned your business. You may like to comment on every post that has the name of your business mentioned and is bringing a good traffic on your website. This will help your business increase interaction with more and more people.

     

    You will also be able to figure out the place a user has come from on your website, how long he stayed on your site, which page he spent the most time on and what product he clicked the most at. You can tag the customer from your database to know when he/she comes next time on your website and based on the vital information at your disposal, you can launch a browser chat session. A chat session usually has a huge impact on a customer and drives him/her to buy a product he/she had previously showed interest in on your website.  

     

    Real-time data has many virtues for businesses to give their rivals a tough competition and increase their bottom line to a great extent. I hope this blog has served the purpose it was intended for.



     

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    Apache Hadoop is an open-source, java-based programming framework meant to process large data sets in a distributed environment. Hadoop has created a lot of Big Data hype in digital arena, with many viewing it as the best platform for handling high volume data infrastructures. Sorting of Big Data offers great opportunities to companies to increase their ROI by targeting or retargeting right customers. They can figure out what customers do not like about their products or services, therefore can go for a quick fix and improve their brand value. Moreover, they can provide personalized experiences and grow their list of loyal customers.

    Big Data has a lot of virtues, but many companies are wary of Big Data Hadoop implementation. In this blog, I have discussed major constraints that make Hadoop inappropriate for Big Data

    But first have a quick look why Hadoop is touted as a standard platform for Big Data

    • High data storage and processing speed

    • Scalability

    • Flexibility

    • Free open-source framework

    • Gives protection to data and application processing against hardware failure

    • High computing power

    Now let’s talk about negative points of Big Data Hadoop implementation

    • Not suitable for small data: Big Data benefits are not restricted only to large organizations since small businesses also have a treasure trove of opportunities to skyrocket their sales by using it. But Hadoop has a high capacity design and is not fit for small data. Hadoop Distributed File System(HDFS) is incapable of reading small files randomly, thereby making Hadoop incompatibile with small data. This is a big setback factor in Big Data Hadoop implementation.  

    • Security and Vulnerability: Hadoop’s security model is not well-designed for complex applications and lacks encryption feature for storing and networking. Owing to these inadequacies, data sets are always at risk of being compromised. No organization wants its vital data to be leaked and become available to its competitors to pre-empt business strategies. Hadoop is also not secured against data breach as its framework is written in Java, which is vulnerable to cyber attacks. Many cases of cyber criminals having exploited Java in the past make Hadoop not to be completely trusted as far as data security is concerned.

    • Stability Issues:Being an open-source platform, Hadoop is surrounded by stability issues. Many developers have developed it and iterations are being continuously made, but its stability always remains one of top concerns. It’s very important for a company to ensure that they have put into use the latest stable version of Hadoop. Another way is to go for a third-party vendor who takes the responsibility of running it and fixing stability issues. But still, stability issues always make organizations uncertain over using Hadoop for processing of important big data sets.

    • Problems with Pig and Hive: Pig does not entertain Hive UDFs and Hive does the same to Pig too. Both can’t be used in one another. Pig script also does not offer any help whenever any requirement arises for extra functionality in Hive. If you want to access Hive tables in Pig, you need to use HCatalog.

    • Repository Functionality: Installation from Hadoop repository is not an easy task. It often takes a lot of effort because of mismanagement and improper act. Another flaw with Hadoop repository is that it does not keep a check on compatibility while installing any new application. As a result, compatibility issues emerge at later stages and cause annoyance.


    There are other problems with Hadoop as well, like unrefined documentation, problems with Ambari installation and Oozie not behaving well when not properly distributed. But I have discussed the top five major concerns with Big Data Hadoop implementation.

    I hope this blog helps you understand top challenges Hadoop is facing to become the best framework for Big Data.
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    Twitter Tools.jpg


    Content Management System (CMS) makes website management a much easier task, freeing you from the dependence on a highly skilled developer to update or publish new content. CMS provides the much-needed power to a website to effectively manage all the content, especially on a corporate website. In simple words, CMS could be described as significant advancement in technology to store and manage website pages, blog posts, images, videos and everything related to content on your website without facing the hassles of using HTML codes.

    Benefits of CMS system are:

    • Boosts your SEO efforts.

    • Gives you control of your website and enhances marketing initiatives.

    • Improves your business communication.

    • You can control the flow and visibility of your content.

    • You can easily search, retrieve and reuse content to come up with new products in quick time.

    • Non-technical staff can easily perform the task of making updates, provided some training is provided to them.


    There are indeed so many benefits of CMS, but it’s not easy to determine the kind of CMS you need for your website. Well, you don’t even need to think a lot about the CMS that suits your business, since a web developer is the best person to decide which CMS is apt for your website, based on size of your business, functionality requirement, editor, customization need, etc.

    Consider this example to understand the importance of leaving the CMS choice to a web developer - A person doesn’t have a good knowledge of CMS systems, and decides to buy an enterprise-level system, costing him a hefty amount, but later realizes that even a free blogging tool would have fulfilled the requirements he had for his website. His money wouldn’t have gone waste, had he left the CMS choice to a web developer who actually understands precise requirements for a website and offers the best CMS type to help your business thrive.

    Wordpress, Drupal, Magento and Joomla are some popular CMS systems. A web developer knows which among the gamut of CMS systems is a perfect fit for your website, thus saves a lot of money for you that you may waste for buying plugins or features you have no requirement for.


    A web developer knows very well which CMS systems manage and handle images in proper manner to ensure accessibility and great usability. Your CMS must offer basic image editing tools, like cropping, resizing and rotating. You can also get user feedback if your CMS has the required functionality. Other important factors needed to be taken under consideration are licensing, support, accessibility, security, training etc. Who can tell you the best about these than a web developer himself.


    A web developer will also guide you to go for a CMS that is fit for all screen sizes. It’s no more a hidden secret that smartphones, tablets and phablets are outpacing PCs and laptops, which is why it becomes important to go for a kind of CMS that works flawlessly with multiple devices.

    A web developer analyzes your website goal, expected number of visitors, extent of flexibility your website requires, scalability need and ease for overall management, therefore helps you choose the best CMS system for your website. I hope this blog is clear in its context how important a web developer is to help you decide the CMS system you need for your website.

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    Cloud computing, without a doubt, has become the numero uno choice for many businesses. Besides bringing down IT costs, it provides the much-needed agility to businesses, paves the way for new business models and scalability. That said, one still can’t call it a paragon of virtue. The major concern here is the risk of data exposure to unwanted users especially since the data is present in virtual machines. And how about your cloud service provider having easy access to your vital business information. Questions like these and the following factors still make businesses wary of cloud computing:

    • Multiple tenants share the same infrastructure available over the cloud

    • No regulations for cloud service providers to clear disk space and ensure that existing data is not compromised

    • No way out to keep a check on IT security intelligence and lack of risk management

    • Chances of data exposure to a person who does not even work for the respective company

    • Problems related to data mobility and legal issues

    So, that brings us to the next set of questions:

    • How businesses opting for cloud computing can ensure that their data is not a subject to security breach?

    • Or whether their business information is safe if they decide to move to some other cloud service provider?

    You could deploy a three-pronged strategy to prevent someone uncalled-for from accessing your data on the cloud.

    • The first step towards strengthening data security is data lockdown. It entails encryption of data which makes it impossible to read in simple text form. There is a huge consensus among technology experts that encryption of data goes a long way in ensuring protection of data on the cloud. So, never trivialize the importance of implementing data encryption empowered by a strong key management solution. It’s recommended to conduct audit of the entire encryption and key management solution. The first step also involves strong key management system to refrain any unauthorized person from accessing confidential business information.

    • Next step requires ensuring that only authorized users have access to data on the cloud.

    • The third is setting up security intelligence to detect security-breach risks well in time to mitigate them.

    Apart from these, before adopting new technologies like cloud computing and virtualization, one must make it 100% sure to review security policies and procedures to figure out how cloud providers are going to ensure safety of your data.

    You can also improve the protection of applications on the cloud by designing them in a manner that no one comes to know if they are running on cloud or your own servers. Web application firewalls can help in keeping the risk of outside attacks at bay.


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    In this article, we will try to understand in simplest possible way; What is cloud? What are different cloud offerings? How does it work for you?

     

    Cloud computing constitutes a broad range of services. Web is the common thread between all of these. So something sitting on your desktop and able to operate on its own is not a cloud service.

     

    Key characteristics of a cloud based solution are:

     

    • It is available on demand.
    • It can be accessed through standard platforms like desktop, laptop, mobile.
    • It can be used by multiple people.
    • People can share resources.
    • It can easily handle increase/decrease of user base.
    • Solution can scale up/down easily.
    • Billing for the service can be easily measured.

     

    There are different types of cloud computing services commonly classified as Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). In a very simplistic explanation:

     

     

    • SaaS – is software delivered over web.
    • PaaS – is platform delivered over web, for the creation of the software.
    • IaaS – is infrastructure (hardware/software) delivered over web as an on demand leased service.

     

     

    Let’s take a deeper look at these services.

     

    Software as a Service (SaaS)

     

    Characteristics:

     

    • It is available through web either as a paid/free service.
    • It is centrally managed and delivered to all.
    • Software users should not require updating software or applying patches.
    • Exposes APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) to allow integration between different modules.
     
    Where it works?  
     
    • Generic solutions which are used by a variety of users.
    • Solutions that need to be used over multiple channels (web, mobile), locations (home, office, on the way) 
     
    Where it doesn't work? 
     
    • Data sensitive applications with legal limitations.
    • Solutions are used by a defined set of users (employees of a specific company)
     
    Example – Salesforce.com is the best example of a software delivered as a Service. 
     

    Platform as a Service (PaaS) 

     

    Characteristics:

     

    • Provides services to help in development of software products.
    • Provides services and solutions to develop, test, deploy, host, manage software applications.
    • Allows for multiple developers can work on the platform in parallel.
    • Provides capability for failover, scalability, load balancing within the platform.
    • Supports standard API, third party, DB integration protocols.
    • Provides built in support for features such as subscription management, billing for the applications built using the platform.  
     
    Where it works? 
     
    • All the all technical stack requirements are met by platform offerings.
    • Automation is paramount in testing, build, release. 
     
    Where it doesn't work?   
     
    • Application needs to be portable from hosting perspective.
    • Proprietary languages, technologies, practices would be required.  
     
    Example – Force.com is the best example of a platform delivered as a Service. Another very popular example is Google App Engine which provides complete platform to enable development of software applications. If your software technical requirements can be met completely by such platforms, PaaS is for you. 
     
    Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
     
    Characteristics:   
     
    • Resources (hardware and software) are available as service.
    • Allows for scaling up/down dynamically.
    • Have billing/pricing based on usage.
    • Provides capability for failover, scalability, load balancing within the platform.
    • Resources can be shared between different users.  
     
    Where it works?  
     
    • Requirements can change dynamically; may go up/down.
    • For people/companies who do not want to invest (both money and labour) too much on hardware.
    • For people who want to try something temporarily.  
     
    Where it doesn't work?  
     
    • Cases in which there are too much regulatory, security, legal factors are involved related to storage. 
     
    Example – Amazon web services, Rackspace are some of the leaders in this space. People and organizations that want to move to Cloud computing should identify their needs and based on that find the suitable service offering and model that suits best for their business needs. Cloud offers a lot; not everything may be useful for everybody.  
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    There are many Online Project Management products available in the market. All these tools  provide different set of features and target various industries.

    These tools range from simple task management and list management features like those provided by Trello, which can be applied across a broad range of industries but have limited features. On the other hand, there are products like Pivotal Tracker which provide project management features focused on Agile software development following a rigid process.

    FindNerd provides a project management platform which bridges the gap by providing a rich set of features while still allowing the end-user to have the flexibility of using them as per their need.

     

    Below is a comparison of the main features of FindNerd, Trello and Pivotal Tracker:

     

     

       FindNerd 

     Trello      

    Pivotal Tracker
    Project Management
      

     

     
     Traditional Project Management 

     
     Agile Project Management

     

     Users Stories

    √ 

     Product Backlog and User stories prioritization

     

     

     Issue Tracking

     √

     

    Task Management
        
     Scheduling

     √

     √

     Time Tracking

     √

     

     

     Resource Assignment

     √

     √

     Task Alerts

     √

     √

     Group Tasks – Milestones, Sprint

     √

     √

     Task History

     √

     √

    Budgeting and Expenses
        
     Forecast Budgets

     √

     

     

     Manage Expenses

     √

     

     

     Set Hourly Rates

     √

     

     

     Track Project Hours

     √

     

     

     Track Staff Hours

     √

     

     

     Invoice and payment tracking

     √

     

     

    Collaboration
        
     Document Management

     √

     √

     √

     Forums

     √

     √

     √

     Online Messages

     √

     √

     √

     Chat

     √

     

     

     Activity updates

     √

     √

     √

     Email notifications

     √

     √

     √

     Online Meeting Tool

     √

     

     

    Resource Management
        
     Manage Resources & their Skills

     √

     

     

     Search Resource by skills

     √

     

     

     Resource Planning

     √

     

     

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