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by Priti on Saturday, 01 August 2009
CYBER CRIMES


Its very INTERESTING to know, being a SOFTWARE COMPANY ourselves we are hardly aware of the consequences we might have to face with just a CLICK of the button. YES, that’s true! We have hardly put any thought before sending mails to our friends and even while forwarding the mails.

Ever heard of CYBER CRIMES?

FIRST CASE OF CYBER CRIME

The first recorded cyber crime took place in the year 1820! It is not surprising considering the fact that the abacus, which is thought to be the earliest form of a computer, has been around since 3500 B.C. in India, Japan and China. The era of modern computers, however, began with the analytical engine of Charles Babbage.

Case History

“In 1820, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, a textile manufacturer in France, produced the loom. This device allowed the repetition of a series of steps in the weaving of special fabrics. This resulted in a fear amongst Jacquard's employees that their traditional employment and livelihood were being threatened. They committed acts of sabotage to discourage Jacquard from further use of the new technology. This is the first recorded cyber crime!”

 

Starting with a small penalty it has come around to become quite serious from the time technology has become next to the essentials required for the existence. There have been cases where people had to face DEATH PENALTY when found involved in instigating terrorism in countries like Pakistan.

 

FIRST CASE IN INDIA

 

Case History

Maruti.com case Expands Jurisprudence

 Pavan Duggal was a part of three-member panel of neutrals in the famous case of the domain name maruti.com. In the said case, the panel expanded the jurisprudence on different aspects of Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy. 

 

India’s first Cyber Crime Conviction

Pavan Duggal was the counsel for the complainant in India’s first cyber crime conviction. In this case, the Central Bureau of Investigation registered the case, which was duly investigated and prosecuted. The accused Arif Azim was convicted on charges of online cheating and given his age and background, he was led off on probation for a period of one year. 

 

FIRST CYBER CRIME INVESTIGATION CELL IN INDIA

The first Cyber Crime Investigation Cell (CCIC) of the CBI, notified in September 1999, started functioning w.e.f. 3.3.2000. The Cell is headed by a Superintendent of Police.

 

TYPES OF CYBER CRIMES:

a) Cyber Crime against Person

-Transmission of child-pornography

- Trafficking, distribution, posting, and dissemination of

- obscene material via internet

- Virus Transmission

- Cyber Harassment

 

b) Cyber Crime against Property

 

- Computer vandalism

- Transmission of harmful programmes

- Destruction of other’s property through internet

 

c) Cyber Crime against  Government

 

- Threaten the international governments

- Terrorize the citizen

- Growth of Global Terrorism

-Cracking on Defense & government sites

-Intra-bank transfer of funds for terrorist activities

 

IMPORTANT CONVICTIONS

Social engineering: People who gain access to an email account using social engineering can be booked under Section 463 of the Indian Penal Code. Punishment is two years in jail and/or a fine

General hacking: Trying to gain unauthorised access to a protected computer system is punishable under Section 70 of the Information Technology Act. Punishment is up to 10 years and.or a fine

 

 



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